LOCAL GOVERNMENT: Meaning, Functions, Characteristics & Other Things You Need To Know

LOCAL GOVERNMENT: Meaning, Functions, Characteristics & Other Things You Need To Know
As important as grass-root governance is, so many people still don't actually understand the meaning of local government itself,
it impacts (functions) to the citizens via-a-vis its constitutional provisions.

MEANING OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT

 A local government is the third-tier division in any federating countries.It is also known as
government at the grass-root level. It is the government nearest to the people to meet it immediate and environmental
social, economic, health, educational and empowerment needs to mention just a few.

How do the government headed by the Council Chairman, get to provide her citizenries the above mentioned programmes, this
shall lead us to the functions/duties of the local government as driven by the Executive Chairman who is the chief accounting
officer of the council.

FUNCTIONS/DUTIES OF A LOCAL GOVERNMENT:

1. Maintenance of law and order in it jurisdiction
2. Provisions of motor parks and markets
3. Rates, fees, license and rent collections
4. Construction of feeders' road and drainages
5. Provision of health facilities, educational programmes and youth empowerment
6. Provision of recreational facilities
7. Bylaw by the council councilors, etcetera.

It is worthy of note that the above duties of a local government is mostly driven by net federal allocation, state allocation and via
revenue sourced internally popularlly called IGR.      

CHARACTERISTICS OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Local government has the following tenets or attributes just like any human being once such a local government is created

i.     Perpetual Existence: A local government continue to exist once it is created and backed by law after meeting certain qualifying
       requirement(s)

ii.    Ability to enter into binding contract such as public economic, social, infrastructural activities

iii.     The right to sue and be sued

iv.    The right to collect taxes and determined a budget

LIST OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN SOME PART OF NIGERIA


    LAGOS STATE NIGERIA
  
1     Alimosho   
2     Ajeromi-Ifelodun   
3     Kosofe   
4     Mushin   
5     Oshodi-Isolo   
6     Ojo   
7     Ikorodu   
8     Surulere   
9     Agege   
10     Ifako-Ijaiye   
11     Shomolu   
12     Amuwo-Odofin   
13     Lagos Mainland   
14     Ikeja   
15     Eti-Osa   
16     Badagry   
17     Apapa   
18     Lagos Island   
19     Epe   
20     Ibeju-Lekki   
  
NOTE:     Lagos State has 37 Local Councils Development Areas, LCDAs

        Local Government Areas in Lagos State Nigeria

      
    EDO STATE NIGERIA


 1        Akoko Edo
 2        Egor
 3        Esan Central
 4        Esan North-East
 5        Esan South-East
 6        Esan West
 7        Etsako Central
 8        Etsako East
 9        Etsako West
 10       Igueben
 11       Ikpoba Okha
 12       Oredo
 13       Orhionmwon
 14       Ovia North-East
 15       Ovia South-West
 16       Owan East
 17       Owan West
 18       Uhunmwonde


        Edo State Local Government Areas of Nigeria

  
    OGUN STATE NIGERIA
  

1     Ifo   
2     Ado-Odo/Ota   
3     Ijebu North   
4     Shagamu   
5     Abeokuta South   
6     Obafemi-Owode   
7     Abeokuta North   
8     Egbado North   
9     Egbado South   
10     Ijebu Ode   
11     Ipokia       
12     Odogbolu   
13     Ikenne   
14     Odeda   
15     Ijebu East   
16     Imeko Afon   
17     Ogun Waterside   
18     Ijebu North East   
19     Remo North   
20     Ewekoro   
  
NOTE:   In all, Ogun State has 57 local government with 20LGs and newly created 37LCDAs in
    the year 2016 by the Governor Ibikunle Amosun Administration



    ANAMBRA STATE NIGERIA


1        Aguata
2        Anambra East
3        Anambra West
4        Anaocha
5        Awka North
6        Awka South
7        Ayamelum
8        Dunukofia
9        Ekwusigo
10      Idemili North
11        Idemili South
12        Ihiala
13        Njikoka
14        Nnewi North
15        Nnewi South
16        Ogbaru
17        Onitsha North
18        Onitsha South
19        Orumba North
20        Orumba South
21        Oyi



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